Nerve Pain Leg

Burning Limbs-Nerve Pain in Your Legs

Have you ever felt a permanent, burning pain that radiates from your lower hip running down to your foot?
Is it just as painful when you sit down or when you are standing up?
You might be suffering from sciatica.

What Is Sciatica

When the Sciatic nerve, the single longest nerve in the body, which originates from the lower lumbar region of your

Lumbar herniated disc

Lumbar section MRI.
By Lina June 2017

 

spine and runs through the pelvis, the rear portion of your leg down to your foot is affected.  The Sciatic nerve is mainly responsible for the distributing blood to the back of our lower extremities. one common symptom is Nerve pain in your leg or legs.

Most Common Causes

Herniated disc
Lumbar spinal stenosis
Spondylolisthesis
Trauma
Piriformis Syndrome
Spinal Tumours.

When one suffers from a herniated disc is because there is an inflammation or bulging of the spinal disc which causes it to protrude out of the annulus.

What is the Annulus

The space between the spine where the spinal discs are located. A herniated disk could exert pressure on the nearby nerve root causing a direct compression on sensitive nerve tissues, including the sciatic nerve

Foramina

Through openings called neural foramina, The spinal nerve branches out of the spinal canal to the entire body. When these passages are congested or narrowed, it causes nerve compression. If the blockage happens on these passageways, they’re considered foraminal stenosis.
It may cause sciatica if it occurs on the opening where the sciatic nerve passes.

Other Factors Causing Sciatica

TENS

TENS Unit

It may also cause sciatica when a vertebral disc slips from its normal place and applies pressure to the spinal nerve adjacent to it, usually occurring on the lumbar or the lower portion of the spine. Direct trauma that causes bone fractures such as vehicular accidents, horseback riding accidents, sports injuries may all lead to sciatica as bone fragments may occasionally be the cause of the nerve compression.
When the piriformis muscle spasms and compresses the sciatic nerve, the piriformis syndrome occurs.

Lastly, spinal tumours are abnormal growths on the spine that can either be malignant or benign.

In Cases of bone fragments, spinal tumour, and severe cases of slipped or herniated disc causing sciatica, of course, surgery would be required as treatment. Chiropractic therapy may range from ice/cold therapy, ultrasound, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), to spine adjustment or manipulation.

Acupuncture For Sciatica

Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine that originated from China. Fine Needles are inserted into your skin at strategic points in the body to release negative energy and restore health and well-being. It is highly recommended as a treatment for generic lumbar pain, even for mild sciatica, as it supposedly releases the tension of the spastic muscles and relieves the pressure on the compressed nerve.

If You have been experiencing sharp, burning pain in your lower extremities; it is best that you consult your physician at once. You might be experiencing sciatica.

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Lisa

lisa@injuryanprevention.com

Osteoarthritis vs Rheumatoid Arthritis

Both Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Cause Joint Pain and stiffness, but their causes, as well as cures, differ.

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis are two different conditions; therefore, they have different causes, symptoms as well as treatments.

Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis refers to an autoimmune disease. It is a disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks its tissues which lead to inflammation. In this case, joint inflammation begins in the membrane which lines the joints. The most commonly affected areas in this type or arthritis are the hands, wrists, elbows, as well as shoulders, knees, ankles, and feet. Over time, the cartilage in the joints and then even the bone is eroded, which causes joint deformities as well as disability.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis Wikipedia

Hands with joint deformity due to Osteoarthritis Date 11 November 2006 Source Own work Author Drahreg01

Osteoarthritis refers to a progressive, degenerative joint disease which is very common in older people. It is often said that with increasing age, various factors cause the cartilage in the joints to weaken, leading to structural and chemical changes in the bone below the cartilage. It is the hands, knees, and hips are the most commonly affected. In younger people, osteoarthritis may take place due to a joint injury or infection, or because of obesity.

Effect on The Joints

A joint affected by osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis often feel stiff, first thing in the morning, and will be hot, swollen as well as tender to the touch. Blood tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis, to look for certain antibodies which are characteristic of the disease.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Effects on Other Parts and Organs of The Body

The autoimmune origin of rheumatoid arthritis indicates that people with this condition will often suffer related problems in other areas of the body, such as joint pain and stiffness. Also, people with rheumatoid arthritis may also have anemia, skin rashes, as well as heart and lung problems, besides dry-eye syndrome.

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Lisa

lisa@injuryprevention.com

Spinal Cord Injury

The Spinal Cord Injury

Page 214 Nervous System

From the book The Human Body and Health. 2 October 2009, 08:48:03 By Sue Clark

Any powerful impact enough to cause damage to the spinal cord will inevitably result in spinal cord injuries. Although the ability to ‘fix’ nerve damage is still in its early stages, ensuring that a patient receives the correct form of treatment can make a difference between spending a lifetime in a wheelchair and regaining mobility.

What Is The Spinal Cord?

The spinal cord is the link between the brain and the body. Through the spinal cord nerve bundle, messages are sent from the brain, triggering electrical responses in the body’s muscles. This then translates into movement. An injury that affects the spinal cord effectively interrupts this flow of information, disrupting the communication between the brain and the body. Where the damage is located along the spine will determine the region of the body that ‘loses’ contact with the brain. Although surgery is getting better at repairing many of the body’s fragile systems, nerve damage is still an area that has a long way to go.

What Are The Long-Term Effects?

The prognosis for victims of spinal injuries differs dramatically from patient to patient. The section and type of the injury will determine, both, the long-term effects and the course of therapy and treatment for the patient. Every spinal injury is different, so what may work for one patient may be completely useless for another.

Long Term Spinal Injury Care

Multifactoral Central Spinal Canal Stenosis

Multifactoral Central Spinal Canal Stenosis
June 2017
By Lisa

Multifactoral Central Spinal Canal Stenosis
June 2017
By Lisa

The medical costs associated with long-term spinal injury care are astronomical. Not only are the initial costs of surgery, rehabilitation, and treatment high, but also in the longer term, patients and their families will have to think about how a spinal injury could alter the lifestyle of the victim. Long-term care can include everything from basic pain medication right through to a complete home renovation to allow wheelchair access, specialist medical equipment, home care and continued surgery and rehabilitation therapy.

The body can perform some remarkable feats of recovery. Some spinal injury patients recover almost complete mobility, while others may be left dependent on attendants to do, even, the most fundamental of functions. But one area that is often overlooked is the psychological impact of a spinal injury.

Depression and Spinal Cord Injury

Mnental Health Pain Medication

Medication pixabay- By rtdisoho

Depression can be a real problem, particularly if the victim of a spinal injury was previously a very active or sporty person. The complete change in lifestyle may have long-term mental health consequences that initially may not be apparent. As part of a long-term care solution, many spinal injury victims also undergo intensive psychological therapy to help them cope with their change in circumstances. But the support of family members and friends is essential. A therapist is not always going to be on hand if a victim starts to feel the psychological impact of such a life-changing injury, so it is up to those around them to know what the ‘warning signs’ are and respond accordingly.

The aim is to create a balance for a spinal injury victim between particular, long-term care and empowering them to have as much independence as possible. Retaining their dignity is an important part of the healing process for spinal injury victims, and one that shouldn’t be overlooked during the recovery process.

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Lisa

lisa@injuryprevention.com

Spinal Cord Injury Causes

Spinal Cord Injury, Common Causes, And Treatment

Spine Injury

One of the most common results of a fall or car accident is the occurrence of a spinal injury. There are many different ways this damage can occur, but car accidents cover almost fifty percent of them. It is possibly one of the worst conditions known to man and can often take many years for the patient to recover. Spinal cord damage is known to be a direct cause of vertebrae damage.

Other Factors Contributing To Spine Injury

Spinal Cord

Spinal Cord by Bruce Blaus. Aug 20 2013

There are also many other medical reasons why this may occur. A couple of examples include multiple sclerosis or a stroke. If the vertebra is affected in any way, this will hinder the spinal cords normal functions. Ruptured discs or pinched nerves are not considered spinal cord injuries.

Levels Of Spinal Cord Injuries

There are two levels of the cord injuries, what is known as the complete and incomplete injuries.
The complete damage to the spinal cord leaves the patient paralyzed, unable to move or speak. The spinal cord controls motor skills, therefore when it becomes damaged, it can often have dramatic effects. A patient that has incomplete damage to the spinal cord will often be able to move some parts of the body.

The injury occurs when the damaged bones in the back puncture, bruise, cut or severe the delicate gray matter in the center of the vertebrae. The Gray Matter is the area that controls the movement and speech actions of every human. When this becomes damaged in any way, it will cause symptoms to other parts of the body. The vertebrae protect the spinal cord in the center and run down the back, from the neck to the bottom of the back.

Complications From Spinal Injury

Many complications can result from spinal injury. Some examples include osteoporosis, pneumonia, pressure sores at the base of the spine, respiratory dysfunction, deep vein thrombosis, cardiovascular disease, neuropathic and spinal cord pain, fractures as well as many other debilitating illnesses.

Spinal Injury Surgery Scar

Lumbar Area Scar. 1 week after Surgery.
May 31 2017.By Lisa

This type of injury will not only affect the patients for the rest of their life, but it will also have an effect on their families. Many times the patient who is paralyzed will never fully recover and will require constant medical attention.

Treatments

With medical advancements over the last few decades, there has been a huge rise in Rehabilitation Centers which specialize in treating spinal cord injury victims. They have been very successful in getting patients back on their feet or having mobility in parts of their bodies that they may have thought they never would. These centers are located all over the globe and can be very successful in the treatment of this type of injury. There are also centers which treat the diseases that accompany trauma to the spine.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions!!                                                     Royalty Free Stock Photography

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Lisa

lisa@injuryanprevention.com