Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention-Avoid Pain
Though a variety of treatments are available to help people with MSD-MSI to recover and resume pain-free normal lives, prevention is always better than cure. Here are some of the best ways for Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention
Musculoskeletal Injury or Disorder—what is it?
A musculoskeletal disorder can be best described as an injury that affects the body’s musculoskeletal system or movement. This is an injury of the tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, muscles, bones, blood vessels or cartilage in the legs, head, back, arms and the neck. These are the body’s supporting structures that bear the weight of the body and help in locomotion.
The Musculoskeletal pain caused by the injury can be acute or chronic; widespread or localized in 1 particular area. This depends on the degree of injury and cause. Some of the most common types of musculoskeletal injuries are lower back injuries, stress fractures, and tendinitis.
Did you know that according to the BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), Musculoskeletal Disorders accounted for nearly 28.8 percent of lost time injuries in the year 2010?
In 2014 Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) accounted for 32 percent of all injury and illness cases in the workplace.
What are the Causes?
MSD (Musculoskeletal Disorder) may be caused, aggravated or exacerbated by either sudden exertion or lengthened exposure to day to day or work-related activities that involve force, awkward posture, vibration, pushing, pulling, or lifting.
Performing these activities on a daily basis can cause wear and tear of the tissues and damage them badly. And as these activities are performed frequently, over the course of time, the body doesn’t get much time to recover and eventually, you start experiencing pain. Simply stated, the musculoskeletal fatigue tends to outrun the body’s recovery system and this imbalance eventually develops into a disorder.
Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Injury/ Disorder
Common symptoms include:
- Twitching muscles
- Sleep disturbance
- Burning sensation in the muscles
- Stiffness, numbness and tingling
Musculoskeletal Disorder Prevention Steps
Prevention is always better than cure. And we couldn’t agree more!
Therefore, below are some of the best steps that can help prevent MSI or MSD at work:
1. MSD Risk Identification
It is crucial to identify the risk factors first that can contribute to the development of musculoskeletal injuries and disorders. Some of the common physical risk factors for MSD are daily activities that include repetition, local-contact stress, force and demanding work postures. Here, it is important to understand that presence of these risk factors is not merely enough to assess the problem but it also depends on the extent of exposure, such as how long the employee is exposed to the risk factor and how great the force is.
2. Risk Assessment
This brings us to the second step which is risk assessment. Employers are responsible to assess the degree of MSI risk at the job or tasks performed by the workers. They need to ask where the risk is low, moderate or high. Based on this assessment, employers will be able to devise and implement quality MSI prevention controls in the workplace. A great way to assess the level of risk involved is to consult the workers who’ve suffered from MSI. This will provide employers with a representative sample.
3. Risk Controls
Risk controls can be divided into three categories:
Engineering Control—This is design, alteration or arrangement of the physical-work environment, materials and equipment. Like a mechanical lifting-device, this is an engineering-control that can be used for lifting tasks and can reduce the risk of MSI.
Administrative Control—It includes the use & scheduling of staffing and resources available to improve how the tasks are both organized & performed, such as reducing work hours which can lessen the amount of repetitive motion.
Protective Equipment & Clothing—Providing workers with protective clothing and equipment can lower the MSI related risk. For example, vibration dampening gloves when using the chainsaw or knee pads for those workers who are involved in installing floorings.
Other control measures can be; to use better designed tools, to redesign workstation to avoid excessive bending or reaching, to modify work practices, and to rotate jobs.
4. Educate and Train Staff
To ensure the success of your MSI-MSD prevention process, from managers to engineers, supervisors and all employees (everyone) should be informed, educated and trained. They should get the training and have the information they require so that they are well-equipped to follow through and perform the tasks with minimal risk and full-safety.
Employees must learn and wear the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and use the correct Tools and devices for the function to prevent injuries.
People who do physical jobs like lifting heavy objects can experience pain in the limbs and muscles. Individuals who lift heavy objects need to very careful since they are putting a strain on their bodies. It is important to keep the body aligned and balanced in such cases.
Many companies have individuals who work at their desks continuously without taking breaks. This can cause stiffness in the muscles and joint pains. The body parts that can get affected are the neck, back, hands and legs
The Better Health Chanel Describes The Benefits of Yoga And Pilates Exercises. Regular practice of these exercises has proven to improve our overall health and Musculoskeletal System.
1, Cardiovascular System (heart and arteries) – which means they (Yoga exercises) rely on holding muscle tension for a short period improving cardiovascular fitness and circulation. Studies show that regular yoga practice may help normalize blood pressure.
2. Digestive system – improved blood circulation and the massaging effect of surrounding muscles speeds up a sluggish digestion.
3. Musculoskeletal – joints are moved through their full range of motion, which encourages mobility and eases pressure. The gentle stretching releases muscle and joint tension, and stiffness, and also increases flexibility. Maintaining many of the (different postures)encourages strength and endurance. Weight-bearing asanas may help prevent osteoporosis, and may also help people already diagnosed with osteoporosis (if practiced with care under the supervision of a qualified yoga teacher). Long-term benefits include reduced back pain and improved posture.
4. Nervous system – improved blood circulation, easing muscle tension and the act of focusing the mind on the breath all combine to soothe the nervous system. Long-term benefits include reduced stress, anxiety and fatigue, better concentration and energy levels, and increased feelings of calm and wellbeing
Although Pilates is a low-impact form of exercise, certain people should seek medical advice before embarking on a new exercise program, including •people who have recently had surgery
•people aged 40 years or more
•people with a pre-existing medical condition such as heart disease
•people with pre-existing musculoskeletal injuries or disorders
•anyone who has not exercised for a long time
•people who are very overweight or obese.
Health Benefits Of Pilates
1 •improved flexibility
2•increased muscle strength and tone, particularly of your abdominal muscles, lower back, hips and buttocks (the ‘core muscles’ of your body)
3•balanced muscular strength on both sides of your body
4•enhanced muscular control of your back and limbs
5•improved stabilization of your spine
7•rehabilitation or prevention of injuries related to muscle imbalances
8•improved physical coordination and balance
9•relaxation of your shoulders, neck, and upper back
10•safe rehabilitation of joint and spinal injuries
11•prevention of musculoskeletal injuries
12•increased lung capacity and circulation through deep breathing
14•increased body awareness
15•stress management and relaxation.
For more information on MSI Prevention or assistance, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
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